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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Functions related to segment and merge handling
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
#include <trace/events/block.h>
#include "blk.h"
static inline bool bio_will_gap(struct request_queue *q,
struct request *prev_rq, struct bio *prev, struct bio *next)
{
struct bio_vec pb, nb;
if (!bio_has_data(prev) || !queue_virt_boundary(q))
return false;
/*
* Don't merge if the 1st bio starts with non-zero offset, otherwise it
* is quite difficult to respect the sg gap limit. We work hard to
* merge a huge number of small single bios in case of mkfs.
*/
if (prev_rq)
bio_get_first_bvec(prev_rq->bio, &pb);
else
bio_get_first_bvec(prev, &pb);
if (pb.bv_offset & queue_virt_boundary(q))
return true;
/*
* We don't need to worry about the situation that the merged segment
* ends in unaligned virt boundary:
*
* - if 'pb' ends aligned, the merged segment ends aligned
* - if 'pb' ends unaligned, the next bio must include
* one single bvec of 'nb', otherwise the 'nb' can't
* merge with 'pb'
*/
bio_get_last_bvec(prev, &pb);
bio_get_first_bvec(next, &nb);
if (biovec_phys_mergeable(q, &pb, &nb))
return false;
return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, &pb, nb.bv_offset);
}
static inline bool req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio)
{
return bio_will_gap(req->q, req, req->biotail, bio);
}
static inline bool req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio)
{
return bio_will_gap(req->q, NULL, bio, req->bio);
}
static struct bio *blk_bio_discard_split(struct request_queue *q,
struct bio *bio,
struct bio_set *bs,
unsigned *nsegs)
{
unsigned int max_discard_sectors, granularity;
int alignment;
sector_t tmp;
unsigned split_sectors;
*nsegs = 1;
/* Zero-sector (unknown) and one-sector granularities are the same. */
granularity = max(q->limits.discard_granularity >> 9, 1U);
max_discard_sectors = min(q->limits.max_discard_sectors,
bio_allowed_max_sectors(q));
max_discard_sectors -= max_discard_sectors % granularity;
if (unlikely(!max_discard_sectors)) {
/* XXX: warn */
return NULL;
}
if (bio_sectors(bio) <= max_discard_sectors)
return NULL;
split_sectors = max_discard_sectors;
/*
* If the next starting sector would be misaligned, stop the discard at
* the previous aligned sector.
*/
alignment = (q->limits.discard_alignment >> 9) % granularity;
tmp = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector + split_sectors - alignment;
tmp = sector_div(tmp, granularity);
if (split_sectors > tmp)
split_sectors -= tmp;
return bio_split(bio, split_sectors, GFP_NOIO, bs);
}
static struct bio *blk_bio_write_zeroes_split(struct request_queue *q,
struct bio *bio, struct bio_set *bs, unsigned *nsegs)
{
*nsegs = 0;
if (!q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors)
return NULL;
if (bio_sectors(bio) <= q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors)
return NULL;
return bio_split(bio, q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors, GFP_NOIO, bs);
}
static struct bio *blk_bio_write_same_split(struct request_queue *q,
struct bio *bio,
struct bio_set *bs,
unsigned *nsegs)
{
*nsegs = 1;
if (!q->limits.max_write_same_sectors)
return NULL;
if (bio_sectors(bio) <= q->limits.max_write_same_sectors)
return NULL;
return bio_split(bio, q->limits.max_write_same_sectors, GFP_NOIO, bs);
}
/*
* Return the maximum number of sectors from the start of a bio that may be
* submitted as a single request to a block device. If enough sectors remain,
* align the end to the physical block size. Otherwise align the end to the
* logical block size. This approach minimizes the number of non-aligned
* requests that are submitted to a block device if the start of a bio is not
* aligned to a physical block boundary.
*/
static inline unsigned get_max_io_size(struct request_queue *q,
struct bio *bio)
{
unsigned sectors = blk_max_size_offset(q, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector);
unsigned max_sectors = sectors;
unsigned pbs = queue_physical_block_size(q) >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
unsigned lbs = queue_logical_block_size(q) >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
unsigned start_offset = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector & (pbs - 1);
max_sectors += start_offset;
max_sectors &= ~(pbs - 1);
if (max_sectors > start_offset)
return max_sectors - start_offset;
return sectors & ~(lbs - 1);
}
static inline unsigned get_max_segment_size(const struct request_queue *q,
struct page *start_page,
unsigned long offset)
{
unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q);
offset = mask & (page_to_phys(start_page) + offset);
/*
* overflow may be triggered in case of zero page physical address
* on 32bit arch, use queue's max segment size when that happens.
*/
return min_not_zero(mask - offset + 1,
(unsigned long)queue_max_segment_size(q));
}
/**
* bvec_split_segs - verify whether or not a bvec should be split in the middle
* @q: [in] request queue associated with the bio associated with @bv
* @bv: [in] bvec to examine
* @nsegs: [in,out] Number of segments in the bio being built. Incremented
* by the number of segments from @bv that may be appended to that
* bio without exceeding @max_segs
* @sectors: [in,out] Number of sectors in the bio being built. Incremented
* by the number of sectors from @bv that may be appended to that
* bio without exceeding @max_sectors
* @max_segs: [in] upper bound for *@nsegs
* @max_sectors: [in] upper bound for *@sectors
*
* When splitting a bio, it can happen that a bvec is encountered that is too
* big to fit in a single segment and hence that it has to be split in the
* middle. This function verifies whether or not that should happen. The value
* %true is returned if and only if appending the entire @bv to a bio with
* *@nsegs segments and *@sectors sectors would make that bio unacceptable for
* the block driver.
*/
static bool bvec_split_segs(const struct request_queue *q,
const struct bio_vec *bv, unsigned *nsegs,
unsigned *sectors, unsigned max_segs,
unsigned max_sectors)
{
unsigned max_len = (min(max_sectors, UINT_MAX >> 9) - *sectors) << 9;
unsigned len = min(bv->bv_len, max_len);
unsigned total_len = 0;
unsigned seg_size = 0;
while (len && *nsegs < max_segs) {
seg_size = get_max_segment_size(q, bv->bv_page,
bv->bv_offset + total_len);
seg_size = min(seg_size, len);
(*nsegs)++;
total_len += seg_size;
len -= seg_size;
if ((bv->bv_offset + total_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q))
break;
}
*sectors += total_len >> 9;
/* tell the caller to split the bvec if it is too big to fit */
return len > 0 || bv->bv_len > max_len;
}
/**
* blk_bio_segment_split - split a bio in two bios
* @q: [in] request queue pointer
* @bio: [in] bio to be split
* @bs: [in] bio set to allocate the clone from
* @segs: [out] number of segments in the bio with the first half of the sectors
*
* Clone @bio, update the bi_iter of the clone to represent the first sectors
* of @bio and update @bio->bi_iter to represent the remaining sectors. The
* following is guaranteed for the cloned bio:
* - That it has at most get_max_io_size(@q, @bio) sectors.
* - That it has at most queue_max_segments(@q) segments.
*
* Except for discard requests the cloned bio will point at the bi_io_vec of
* the original bio. It is the responsibility of the caller to ensure that the
* original bio is not freed before the cloned bio. The caller is also
* responsible for ensuring that @bs is only destroyed after processing of the
* split bio has finished.
*/
static struct bio *blk_bio_segment_split(struct request_queue *q,
struct bio *bio,
struct bio_set *bs,
unsigned *segs)
{
struct bio_vec bv, bvprv, *bvprvp = NULL;
struct bvec_iter iter;
unsigned nsegs = 0, sectors = 0;
const unsigned max_sectors = get_max_io_size(q, bio);
const unsigned max_segs = queue_max_segments(q);
bio_for_each_bvec(bv, bio, iter) {
/*
* If the queue doesn't support SG gaps and adding this
* offset would create a gap, disallow it.
*/
if (bvprvp && bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bvprvp, bv.bv_offset))
goto split;
if (nsegs < max_segs &&
sectors + (bv.bv_len >> 9) <= max_sectors &&
bv.bv_offset + bv.bv_len <= PAGE_SIZE) {
nsegs++;
sectors += bv.bv_len >> 9;
} else if (bvec_split_segs(q, &bv, &nsegs, &sectors, max_segs,
max_sectors)) {
goto split;
}
bvprv = bv;
bvprvp = &bvprv;
}
*segs = nsegs;
return NULL;
split:
*segs = nsegs;
return bio_split(bio, sectors, GFP_NOIO, bs);
}
/**
* __blk_queue_split - split a bio and submit the second half
* @q: [in] request queue pointer
* @bio: [in, out] bio to be split
* @nr_segs: [out] number of segments in the first bio
*
* Split a bio into two bios, chain the two bios, submit the second half and
* store a pointer to the first half in *@bio. If the second bio is still too
* big it will be split by a recursive call to this function. Since this
* function may allocate a new bio from @q->bio_split, it is the responsibility
* of the caller to ensure that @q is only released after processing of the
* split bio has finished.
*/
void __blk_queue_split(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio,
unsigned int *nr_segs)
{
struct bio *split;
switch (bio_op(*bio)) {
case REQ_OP_DISCARD:
case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
split = blk_bio_discard_split(q, *bio, &q->bio_split, nr_segs);
break;
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
split = blk_bio_write_zeroes_split(q, *bio, &q->bio_split,
nr_segs);
break;
case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME:
split = blk_bio_write_same_split(q, *bio, &q->bio_split,
nr_segs);
break;
default:
split = blk_bio_segment_split(q, *bio, &q->bio_split, nr_segs);
break;
}
if (split) {
/* there isn't chance to merge the splitted bio */
split->bi_opf |= REQ_NOMERGE;
/*
* Since we're recursing into make_request here, ensure
* that we mark this bio as already having entered the queue.
* If not, and the queue is going away, we can get stuck
* forever on waiting for the queue reference to drop. But
* that will never happen, as we're already holding a
* reference to it.
*/
bio_set_flag(*bio, BIO_QUEUE_ENTERED);
bio_chain(split, *bio);
trace_block_split(q, split, (*bio)->bi_iter.bi_sector);
generic_make_request(*bio);
*bio = split;
}
}
/**
* blk_queue_split - split a bio and submit the second half
* @q: [in] request queue pointer
* @bio: [in, out] bio to be split
*
* Split a bio into two bios, chains the two bios, submit the second half and
* store a pointer to the first half in *@bio. Since this function may allocate
* a new bio from @q->bio_split, it is the responsibility of the caller to
* ensure that @q is only released after processing of the split bio has
* finished.
*/
void blk_queue_split(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio)
{
unsigned int nr_segs;
__blk_queue_split(q, bio, &nr_segs);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_split);
unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq)
{
unsigned int nr_phys_segs = 0;
unsigned int nr_sectors = 0;
struct req_iterator iter;
struct bio_vec bv;
if (!rq->bio)
return 0;
switch (bio_op(rq->bio)) {
case REQ_OP_DISCARD:
case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
return 0;
case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME:
return 1;
}
rq_for_each_bvec(bv, rq, iter)
bvec_split_segs(rq->q, &bv, &nr_phys_segs, &nr_sectors,
UINT_MAX, UINT_MAX);
return nr_phys_segs;
}
static inline struct scatterlist *blk_next_sg(struct scatterlist **sg,
struct scatterlist *sglist)
{
if (!*sg)
return sglist;
/*
* If the driver previously mapped a shorter list, we could see a
* termination bit prematurely unless it fully inits the sg table
* on each mapping. We KNOW that there must be more entries here
* or the driver would be buggy, so force clear the termination bit
* to avoid doing a full sg_init_table() in drivers for each command.
*/
sg_unmark_end(*sg);
return sg_next(*sg);
}
static unsigned blk_bvec_map_sg(struct request_queue *q,
struct bio_vec *bvec, struct scatterlist *sglist,
struct scatterlist **sg)
{
unsigned nbytes = bvec->bv_len;
unsigned nsegs = 0, total = 0;
while (nbytes > 0) {
unsigned offset = bvec->bv_offset + total;
unsigned len = min(get_max_segment_size(q, bvec->bv_page,
offset), nbytes);
struct page *page = bvec->bv_page;
/*
* Unfortunately a fair number of drivers barf on scatterlists
* that have an offset larger than PAGE_SIZE, despite other
* subsystems dealing with that invariant just fine. For now
* stick to the legacy format where we never present those from
* the block layer, but the code below should be removed once
* these offenders (mostly MMC/SD drivers) are fixed.
*/
page += (offset >> PAGE_SHIFT);
offset &= ~PAGE_MASK;
*sg = blk_next_sg(sg, sglist);
sg_set_page(*sg, page, len, offset);
total += len;
nbytes -= len;
nsegs++;
}
return nsegs;
}
static inline int __blk_bvec_map_sg(struct bio_vec bv,
struct scatterlist *sglist, struct scatterlist **sg)
{
*sg = blk_next_sg(sg, sglist);
sg_set_page(*sg, bv.bv_page, bv.bv_len, bv.bv_offset);
return 1;
}
/* only try to merge bvecs into one sg if they are from two bios */
static inline bool
__blk_segment_map_sg_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bvec,
struct bio_vec *bvprv, struct scatterlist **sg)
{
int nbytes = bvec->bv_len;
if (!*sg)
return false;
if ((*sg)->length + nbytes > queue_max_segment_size(q))
return false;
if (!biovec_phys_mergeable(q, bvprv, bvec))
return false;
(*sg)->length += nbytes;
return true;
}
static int __blk_bios_map_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
struct scatterlist *sglist,
struct scatterlist **sg)
{
struct bio_vec uninitialized_var(bvec), bvprv = { NULL };
struct bvec_iter iter;
int nsegs = 0;
bool new_bio = false;
for_each_bio(bio) {
bio_for_each_bvec(bvec, bio, iter) {
/*
* Only try to merge bvecs from two bios given we
* have done bio internal merge when adding pages
* to bio
*/
if (new_bio &&
__blk_segment_map_sg_merge(q, &bvec, &bvprv, sg))
goto next_bvec;
if (bvec.bv_offset + bvec.bv_len <= PAGE_SIZE)
nsegs += __blk_bvec_map_sg(bvec, sglist, sg);
else
nsegs += blk_bvec_map_sg(q, &bvec, sglist, sg);
next_bvec:
new_bio = false;
}
if (likely(bio->bi_iter.bi_size)) {
bvprv = bvec;
new_bio = true;
}
}
return nsegs;
}
/*
* map a request to scatterlist, return number of sg entries setup. Caller
* must make sure sg can hold rq->nr_phys_segments entries
*/
int blk_rq_map_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
struct scatterlist *sglist)
{
struct scatterlist *sg = NULL;
int nsegs = 0;
if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD)
nsegs = __blk_bvec_map_sg(rq->special_vec, sglist, &sg);
else if (rq->bio && bio_op(rq->bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME)
nsegs = __blk_bvec_map_sg(bio_iovec(rq->bio), sglist, &sg);
else if (rq->bio)
nsegs = __blk_bios_map_sg(q, rq->bio, sglist, &sg);
if (unlikely(rq->rq_flags & RQF_COPY_USER) &&
(blk_rq_bytes(rq) & q->dma_pad_mask)) {
unsigned int pad_len =
(q->dma_pad_mask & ~blk_rq_bytes(rq)) + 1;
sg->length += pad_len;
rq->extra_len += pad_len;
}
if (q->dma_drain_size && q->dma_drain_needed(rq)) {
if (op_is_write(req_op(rq)))
memset(q->dma_drain_buffer, 0, q->dma_drain_size);
sg_unmark_end(sg);
sg = sg_next(sg);
sg_set_page(sg, virt_to_page(q->dma_drain_buffer),
q->dma_drain_size,
((unsigned long)q->dma_drain_buffer) &
(PAGE_SIZE - 1));
nsegs++;
rq->extra_len += q->dma_drain_size;
}
if (sg)
sg_mark_end(sg);
/*
* Something must have been wrong if the figured number of
* segment is bigger than number of req's physical segments
*/
WARN_ON(nsegs > blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(rq));
return nsegs;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_rq_map_sg);
static inline unsigned int blk_rq_get_max_segments(struct request *rq)
{
if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_DISCARD)
return queue_max_discard_segments(rq->q);
return queue_max_segments(rq->q);
}
static inline int ll_new_hw_segment(struct request *req, struct bio *bio,
unsigned int nr_phys_segs)
{
if (req->nr_phys_segments + nr_phys_segs > blk_rq_get_max_segments(req))
goto no_merge;
if (blk_integrity_merge_bio(req->q, req, bio) == false)
goto no_merge;
/*
* This will form the start of a new hw segment. Bump both
* counters.
*/
req->nr_phys_segments += nr_phys_segs;
return 1;
no_merge:
req_set_nomerge(req->q, req);
return 0;
}
int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs)
{
if (req_gap_back_merge(req, bio))
return 0;
if (blk_integrity_rq(req) &&
integrity_req_gap_back_merge(req, bio))
return 0;
if (blk_rq_sectors(req) + bio_sectors(bio) >
blk_rq_get_max_sectors(req, blk_rq_pos(req))) {
req_set_nomerge(req->q, req);
return 0;
}
return ll_new_hw_segment(req, bio, nr_segs);
}
int ll_front_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs)
{
if (req_gap_front_merge(req, bio))
return 0;
if (blk_integrity_rq(req) &&
integrity_req_gap_front_merge(req, bio))
return 0;
if (blk_rq_sectors(req) + bio_sectors(bio) >
blk_rq_get_max_sectors(req, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector)) {
req_set_nomerge(req->q, req);
return 0;
}
return ll_new_hw_segment(req, bio, nr_segs);
}
static bool req_attempt_discard_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
struct request *next)
{
unsigned short segments = blk_rq_nr_discard_segments(req);
if (segments >= queue_max_discard_segments(q))
goto no_merge;
if (blk_rq_sectors(req) + bio_sectors(next->bio) >
blk_rq_get_max_sectors(req, blk_rq_pos(req)))
goto no_merge;
req->nr_phys_segments = segments + blk_rq_nr_discard_segments(next);
return true;
no_merge:
req_set_nomerge(q, req);
return false;
}
static int ll_merge_requests_fn(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
struct request *next)
{
int total_phys_segments;
if (req_gap_back_merge(req, next->bio))
return 0;
/*
* Will it become too large?
*/
if ((blk_rq_sectors(req) + blk_rq_sectors(next)) >
blk_rq_get_max_sectors(req, blk_rq_pos(req)))
return 0;
total_phys_segments = req->nr_phys_segments + next->nr_phys_segments;
if (total_phys_segments > blk_rq_get_max_segments(req))
return 0;
if (blk_integrity_merge_rq(q, req, next) == false)
return 0;
/* Merge is OK... */
req->nr_phys_segments = total_phys_segments;
return 1;
}
/**
* blk_rq_set_mixed_merge - mark a request as mixed merge
* @rq: request to mark as mixed merge
*
* Description:
* @rq is about to be mixed merged. Make sure the attributes
* which can be mixed are set in each bio and mark @rq as mixed
* merged.
*/
void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq)
{
unsigned int ff = rq->cmd_flags & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK;
struct bio *bio;
if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_MIXED_MERGE)
return;
/*
* @rq will no longer represent mixable attributes for all the
* contained bios. It will just track those of the first one.
* Distributes the attributs to each bio.
*/
for (bio = rq->bio; bio; bio = bio->bi_next) {
WARN_ON_ONCE((bio->bi_opf & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK) &&
(bio->bi_opf & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK) != ff);
bio->bi_opf |= ff;
}
rq->rq_flags |= RQF_MIXED_MERGE;
}
static void blk_account_io_merge(struct request *req)
{
if (blk_do_io_stat(req)) {
struct hd_struct *part;
part_stat_lock();
part = req->part;
part_dec_in_flight(req->q, part, rq_data_dir(req));
hd_struct_put(part);
part_stat_unlock();
}
}
/*
* Two cases of handling DISCARD merge:
* If max_discard_segments > 1, the driver takes every bio
* as a range and send them to controller together. The ranges
* needn't to be contiguous.
* Otherwise, the bios/requests will be handled as same as
* others which should be contiguous.
*/
static inline bool blk_discard_mergable(struct request *req)
{
if (req_op(req) == REQ_OP_DISCARD &&
queue_max_discard_segments(req->q) > 1)
return true;
return false;
}
static enum elv_merge blk_try_req_merge(struct request *req,
struct request *next)
{
if (blk_discard_mergable(req))
return ELEVATOR_DISCARD_MERGE;
else if (blk_rq_pos(req) + blk_rq_sectors(req) == blk_rq_pos(next))
return ELEVATOR_BACK_MERGE;
return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
}
/*
* For non-mq, this has to be called with the request spinlock acquired.
* For mq with scheduling, the appropriate queue wide lock should be held.
*/
static struct request *attempt_merge(struct request_queue *q,
struct request *req, struct request *next)
{
if (!rq_mergeable(req) || !rq_mergeable(next))
return NULL;
if (req_op(req) != req_op(next))
return NULL;
if (rq_data_dir(req) != rq_data_dir(next)
|| req->rq_disk != next->rq_disk)
return NULL;
if (req_op(req) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME &&
!blk_write_same_mergeable(req->bio, next->bio))
return NULL;
/*
* Don't allow merge of different write hints, or for a hint with
* non-hint IO.
*/
if (req->write_hint != next->write_hint)
return NULL;
if (req->ioprio != next->ioprio)
return NULL;
/*
* If we are allowed to merge, then append bio list
* from next to rq and release next. merge_requests_fn
* will have updated segment counts, update sector
* counts here. Handle DISCARDs separately, as they
* have separate settings.
*/
switch (blk_try_req_merge(req, next)) {
case ELEVATOR_DISCARD_MERGE:
if (!req_attempt_discard_merge(q, req, next))
return NULL;
break;
case ELEVATOR_BACK_MERGE:
if (!ll_merge_requests_fn(q, req, next))
return NULL;
break;
default:
return NULL;
}
/*
* If failfast settings disagree or any of the two is already
* a mixed merge, mark both as mixed before proceeding. This
* makes sure that all involved bios have mixable attributes
* set properly.
*/
if (((req->rq_flags | next->rq_flags) & RQF_MIXED_MERGE) ||
(req->cmd_flags & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK) !=
(next->cmd_flags & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK)) {
blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(req);
blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(next);
}
/*
* At this point we have either done a back merge or front merge. We
* need the smaller start_time_ns of the merged requests to be the
* current request for accounting purposes.
*/
if (next->start_time_ns < req->start_time_ns)
req->start_time_ns = next->start_time_ns;
req->biotail->bi_next = next->bio;
req->biotail = next->biotail;
req->__data_len += blk_rq_bytes(next);
if (!blk_discard_mergable(req))
elv_merge_requests(q, req, next);
/*
* 'next' is going away, so update stats accordingly
*/
blk_account_io_merge(next);
/*
* ownership of bio passed from next to req, return 'next' for
* the caller to free
*/
next->bio = NULL;
return next;
}
struct request *attempt_back_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
{
struct request *next = elv_latter_request(q, rq);
if (next)
return attempt_merge(q, rq, next);
return NULL;
}
struct request *attempt_front_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
{
struct request *prev = elv_former_request(q, rq);
if (prev)
return attempt_merge(q, prev, rq);
return NULL;
}
int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
struct request *next)
{
struct request *free;
free = attempt_merge(q, rq, next);
if (free) {
blk_put_request(free);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio)
{
if (!rq_mergeable(rq) || !bio_mergeable(bio))
return false;
if (req_op(rq) != bio_op(bio))
return false;
/* different data direction or already started, don't merge */
if (bio_data_dir(bio) != rq_data_dir(rq))
return false;
/* must be same device */
if (rq->rq_disk != bio->bi_disk)
return false;
/* only merge integrity protected bio into ditto rq */
if (blk_integrity_merge_bio(rq->q, rq, bio) == false)
return false;
/* must be using the same buffer */
if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME &&
!blk_write_same_mergeable(rq->bio, bio))
return false;
/*
* Don't allow merge of different write hints, or for a hint with
* non-hint IO.
*/
if (rq->write_hint != bio->bi_write_hint)
return false;
if (rq->ioprio != bio_prio(bio))
return false;
return true;
}
enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio)
{
if (blk_discard_mergable(rq))
return ELEVATOR_DISCARD_MERGE;
else if (blk_rq_pos(rq) + blk_rq_sectors(rq) == bio->bi_iter.bi_sector)
return ELEVATOR_BACK_MERGE;
else if (blk_rq_pos(rq) - bio_sectors(bio) == bio->bi_iter.bi_sector)
return ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE;
return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
}